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Bridging the GAPS: Approaches to Treating Water On Farms

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Publication Description

β€œBridging the Gaps: Approaches to Treating Water on Farms” is a curriculum designed to help producers understand and address the regulatory requirements for ag water treatment in the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA).

Preventing foodborne illness and protecting public health are critically important to producers. Sanitary irrigation water is also mandated by the USDA; producers are required to monitor, treat, and verify compliance. This curriculum, developed by a multi-state, interdisciplinary team of public and private sector experts, focuses on helping producers accomplish key goals, including:

  • Understanding the regulatory requirements for ag water treatment in the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA);
  • Finding the right water treatment system for their farm;
  • Developing standard operating procedures; and
  • Ensuring that the proper system is implemented correctly.
Land-Grant Institution
New Mexico State University, North Carolina State University, University of Arizona, University of Florida, University of Georgia, University of Tennessee, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, Washington State University
Authors (Name, Email, Institution)

John Buchanan,,University of Tennessee

Chris Gunter,,North Carolina State University

Lynette Johnston,,North Carolina State University

Publication Audience
General Public, Cooperative Extension
Publication Type
Content Publication
Publication Date

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About the Extension Foundation

The Extension Foundation was formed in 2006 by Extension Directors and Administrators. Today, the Foundation partners with Cooperative Extension through liaison roles and a formal plan of work with the Extension Committee on Organization and Policy (ECOP) to increase system capacity while providing programmatic services, and helping Extension programs scale and investigate new methods and models for implementing programs. The Foundation provides professional development to Cooperative Extension professionals and offers exclusive services to its members. In 2020 and 2021, the Extension Foundation has awarded 85% of its direct funding back to the Cooperative Extension System, 100% of funds are used to support Cooperative Extension initiatives. 

This technology is supported in part by New Technologies for Ag Extension (funding opportunity no. USDA-NIFA-OP-010186), grant no. 2023-41595-41325 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or the Extension Foundation. For more information, please visit You can view the terms of useat

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